Natural Stone

Natural Stone

What is Natural Stone?

"Natural Stone" refers to a number of products quarried from the earth, used over many thousands of years as building materials and decorative enhancements. These products include Granite, Marble, Limestone and others. They are more than just rocks – natural stone is hand selected from the best, most consistent sources for durability and beauty.

Where do natural stones come from?

Natural stones are quarried directly from the earth's crust, and every piece is unique. The only processing they need is shaping into various forms, sizes and finishes

Why are bigger sizes more expensive?

The larger the stone, the more difficult it is to process, handle, pack, and transport. Larger sizes also tend to have a higher amount of waste compared to the part that is used, which makes them more expensive.

Why can some finishes not be used outside?

Polished stone surfaces may become slippery when wet, and tend to lose their shine in a short time due to weathering.

Will my stone look like the samples?

No. As stone is a nature’s creation, there will be variations in colours, shade, veining patterns, etc.

Does stone require sealing?

As stones are porous, they may absorb liquids. This will result in staining. It is recommended for stones to be sealed immediately after installation as the sealant is able to penetrate the stone, clogging the pores and thus create a virtually impermeable surface.

What are book-matched slabs?

Book-matched slabs are slabs that have been cut from the same stone, right next to each other. They are polished on opposite sides such that a mirror image will be created when they are placed side to side.

When do I need to polish my stone floors?

Floors need to be polished every three to five years. A good indication of when the stone floor needs to be polished is when it loses it shine.

What criteria do I use to select stone color?

The criteria for selecting stone color will depend on the application. Color choice can make a room appear larger or smaller, formal or warm and inviting. Consider the following characteristics:

Lighter colours tend to make a smaller room seem larger.
Dark colours tend to make a room more intimate and cozy.
Solid colours, smooth and polished tiles show more dirt and require more maintenance.
Patterned material, usually in a honed finish, is one of the easiest to maintain.
Dramatic patterns can help highlight and accent portions of the room, including architectural features.

Granite

What is granite?

Granite is an igneous rock composed of quartz, feldspar and mica. It was formed when magma cooled beneath the earth’s crust, solidifying within the earth under extreme pressure. This results in the stone’s high density and hardness.

For maintenance-free elegance and durability, granite is unmatched. Its incredible strength and density makes granite the perfect choice for massive structural work – walls, monuments and supports. Though it is the hardest of structural stones, the amazing variety of mineral-rich colors and natural patterns gives it ornamental value as well. Granite products are ideal for flooring, countertops, vanities and decorative exterior applications.

Why is granite preferred for kitchen/bar countertops?

Countertops in kitchens and bar areas are often exposed to acidic substances such as lemon, vinegar, alcohol, and tomato sauce. Knives, dishes, pots and pans, and other implements may cause scratching of lesser materials. Granite is the hardest and densest of all natural stones – the feldspar content keeps it water resistant, and the silicates it contains won't react with acid. These properties help Granite resist staining and retain its fine luster over a longer period of time than ceramic tiles or other stones.

Why does granite need to be sealed?

All natural stone including marble and granite, must be properly sealed to protect againt staining. Without proper and regular sealing, granite and other natural stones are pourous and can absorb spilled substances and leave unsightly stains and marks.

Will granite chip or crack?

Under normal circumstances, granite will not chip or crack. However, granite is not indestructible. Sharp objects that make a hard impact on the surface can damage the stone.

Marble

What is marble?

Marble is limestone that has undergone metamorphism, a process that exposes the minerals to heat and pressure over time. These minerals recrystallize into larger interlocking mineral crystals, resulting in the formation of marble.

Available in solids or dramatic veined varieties, marble may be carved or sculpted in many ways, making it one of the most versatile decorative stones. Often seen as a symbol of luxury, modern technology brings beautiful marble products even to budget-conscious homeowners.

Can marble tile be installed on wood surfaces?

No. It is not recommended that marble tiles be installed directly on wood flooring or any other flooring that moves. The movement can cause tile to crack. The best solution is to have cement board installed by a professional installer over the surface to be tiled.

Can marble be use for high traffic area?

Softer, less dense stones such as marble are unsuitable for high traffic areas because they will quickly become dull and will need frequent restoration to maintain their finish.

Why is marble preferred for bathrooms and fireplaces?

Homeowners often enjoy bathrooms with bold colors and smooth, flowing patterns. Marble is the perfect choice for this application due to its wide spectrum of available colors. It also lends itself well to carved patterns and details, creating both traditional and artistic designs. While kitchen countertops are often exposed to acidic substances, bathroom countertops are more likely to be exposed to alkaline products, which do not react with Marble.

The surface of my marble are sealed but it still has marks. Why?

The marks on the marble are actually not stains, but etch. Etches result when acid are in contact with the marble surface, burning the polish and creating a dull appearance. For example, red wine spilled on unsealed surface will result in a red stain and an etch but on the sealed stone, only the etch is resulted. The sealant will prevent the red wine from penetrating and setting up a stain but is unable to prevent the acid from burning the surface, forming an etch.

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