Types Of Tiles

There are several types of tiles used for residential and commercial applications. Tiles provide one of the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly flooring choices. Tiles are made from natural clay and often from other (recycled) materials. Tile manufacturing does not necessitate the use of heavy chemicals or other harmful substances used to make other flooring types. There are no trees to be cut down as with hardwood floors, and the best part is that tiles are durable and have a long lifespan.

What is a ceramic tile?

Fired at a temperature of 750 to 1000 degree Celsius, ceramic tiles are made of white firing clays, sands and fluxes. As the tile is fired at a low temperature, they are less resistant to mechanical impact. This results in ceramic tiles being used more frequently as wall coverings or for light flooring needs.

What is a porcelain tile?

Porcelain tiles are made by the dust pressed method from porcelain clay composites. Fired at a temperature of 1200 to 1300 degree Celsius, porcelain tiles are fine grained, dense with a sharply formed face. This firing process results in a product almost completely vitrified, impervious with excellent mechanical properties.

What are homogeneous/ full body porcelain tiles?

Full Body Porcelain tiles, commonly known as Homogeneous Tiles, carry the colour of the tile through the entire thickness. Chips or breakage of the tile’s surface are thus not obvious to the eye.

Are wall tiles suitable for floor?

Wall tiles are not suitable for the floor as floor coverings would require a higher mechanical strength. Wall tile glazes are also not designed to handle the abrasive forces from foot traffic. In addition, wall tiles are typically smoother. This will result in slipperiness if applied on floors.

Are floor tiles suitable for wall?

Floor tiles can be applied to walls as long as the walls are able to support the weight of the tiles.

What are rectified tiles and non-rectified tiles?

Rectified tiles are cut at all 4 corners after firing to give it a uniform size whereas the sizes of non-rectified tiles can vary by 0.5 mm to 1.0 mm after firing.

Why is it advisable to leave wider gaps in between tiles?

To allow for expansion and contraction of tiles such that “popping-out” occurrences can be prevented.

The patterns on the tiles are different even though it comes from the same collection. Why?

Specific collections are designed to emulate the appearance of natural stones. Each tile is made to exhibit unique shading and vein distribution. Therefore, a piece of ceramic tile does not represent its whole range and this occurrence is perfectly normal.

Why tiles of the same series but different batches cannot be installed in the same area?

Tiles of the same series but different batches are not advisable to be installed in the same area due to the difference in shades. Shades differ as tiles are made from natural materials, which are inherently different in shade and colouring. These uncontrollable elements will result in the inherent shade variation between batches after the mixing and firing process.

How many tiles should I order?

About 5 – 10% of extra tiles should be ordered than what is actually required for the surface. These could be saved for future repairs.

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